Home  /  Lexikos  /  Núm: Vol11 Par: 0 (2001)  /  Article

"Nonmorphological Derivations" and the Four Main English Learner's Dictionaries


Abstract: This article addresses the problem of "nonmorphological derivations" in English andits consequences for pedagogical lexicography, i.e. learner's dictionaries. The term "nonmorphologicalderivation" refers to cases such as sun — solar, moon — lunar, cat — feline, and in general to allcases where instead of, or in addition to, native derivational processes (sunny, moony, catty) Englishfrequently uses borrowings especially from Romanic sources (Latin/French) and from Greek. Thepaper suggests that for such cases learner's dictionaries should give more active guidance and support,in view of the fact that many foreign learners will be from linguistic backgrounds where different,more native morphological processes are more common. An appendix lists the major examplesof such derivatives.Keywords: LEARNER'S DICTIONARIES, PEDAGOGICAL LEXICOGRAPHY, DICTIONARYDESIGN, FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING, MORPHOLOGY, MORPHOLOGICAL OPACITYAND TRANSPARENCY, STRUCTURE AND CHARACTER OF THE LEXICON.Opsomming: "Niemorfologiese afleidings" en die vier vernaamste Engelseaanleerderswoordeboeke. Hierdie artikel bespreek die probleem van "niemorfologiese afleidings"in Engels en die uitwerking daarvan op die pedagogiese leksikografie, d.w.s. aanleerderswoordeboeke.Die term "niemorfologiese afleiding" verwys na gevalle soos sun — solar, moon —lunar, cat — feline, en oor die algemeen na alle gevalle waar in plaas van of ter aanvulling van,natuurlike afleidingsprosesse (sunny, moony, catty) Engels dikwels ontlenings gebruik veral aan Romaansebronne (Latyn/Frans) en aan Grieks. Die artikel doen aan die hand dat aanleerderswoordeboekein sulke gevalle meer aktiewe leiding en bystand behoort te gee, gesien die feit dat baie vandie vreemde aanleerders van linguistiese agtergronde sal wees waar ander, meer inheemse morfologieseprosesse meer algemeen is. ’n Bylae lys die belangrikste voorbeelde van sulke afleidings.Sleutelwoorde: AANLEERDERSWOORDEBOEKE, PEDAGOGIESE LEKSIKOGRAFIE,WOORDEBOEKONTWERP, VREEMDETAALONDERWYS, MORFOLOGIE, MORFOLOGIESEONDEURSIGTIGHEID EN DEURSIGTIGHEID, STRUKTUUR EN KARAKTER VAN DIE WOORDEBOEK.

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