8 articles in this issue
Eugenio R. Luján
The Linear B hapax probably denotes a cup (as in Homer) that is made of leather, a technique well documented in the material record.
Hypereides’ Against Diondas, recently discovered, shows the council reviving an earlier honorific decree that was then challenged, and this suggests the procedures that led to the case against Ctesiphon.
Collin Miles Hilton
In urging that the fate of the impious Epicurean is not torture but obscurity such as an Epicurean suffers in life, Plutarch uses but reverses an argument found in Lucretius.
Polygamy, rather than being invoked by Greek authors as a disparaging stereotype of Persians universally, was ascribed by Greeks only to certain kings, with most Persians portrayed as monogamous.
The crucial theme of Plutarch’s essay is the role of sight in curiosity, especially using the metaphor of doors and windows for the eyes of the soul, in keeping with ancient theories about light.
Plutarch’s narrative is credible: two Athenian expeditions to Messene in aid of Sparta, only the first led by Cimon, which leads to a revised chronology of the 460s B.C.
Xenophon’s chronology (open rebellion in 401) can be confirmed, but he misrepresents the significance of several earlier events in order to portray Artaxerxes II as ignorant of Cyrus' ambitions.
Elements of the narrative frame of Plato’s Phaedo evoke features of the Athenian festival Oschophoria, thus associating Socrates’ death with the commemoration of Theseus’ return from Crete.