30 articles in this issue
Andrés Santos, Franz Saija and Paolo V. Giaquinta
Yimin Huang and Qiuxiang Li
Considering consumers’ attitudes to risks for probabilistic products and probabilistic selling, this paper develops a dynamic Stackelberg game model of the supply chain considering the asymmetric dual-channel structure. Based on entropy theory and d...
Tian Zhao, Yu-Chao Hua and Zeng-Yuan Guo
The principle of least action, which is usually applied to natural phenomena, can also be used in optimization problems with manual intervention. Following a brief introduction to the brachistochrone problem in classical mechanics, the principle of least ...
Venkata Krishna Brahmam Kota and Narendra D. Chavda
Subhashis Hazarika, Ayan Biswas, Soumya Dutta and Han-Wei Shen
Uncertainty of scalar values in an ensemble dataset is often represented by the collection of their corresponding isocontours. Various techniques such as contour-boxplot, contour variability plot, glyphs and probabilistic marching-cubes have been proposed...
Gregor Chliamovitch and Yann Thorimbert
In two recent papers we introduced a generalization of Boltzmann’s assumption of molecular chaos based on a criterion of maximum entropy, which allowed setting up a bilocal version of Boltzmann’s kinetic equation. The present paper aims to inv...
Lev Vaidman and Izumi Tsutsui
The history of photons in a nested Mach–Zehnder interferometer with an inserted Dove prism is analyzed. It is argued that the Dove prism does not change the past of the photon. Alonso and Jordan correctly point out that an experiment by Danan et al....
Dalei Jing and Lei He
The present work numerically studies the thermal characteristics of a staggered double-layer microchannel heat sink (DLMCHS) with an offset between the upper layer of microchannels and lower layer of microchannels in the width direction, and investigates ...
Michel Boyer, Rotem Liss and Tal Mor
A semiquantum key distribution (SQKD) protocol makes it possible for a quantum party and a classical party to generate a secret shared key. However, many existing SQKD protocols are not experimentally feasible in a secure way using current technology. An ...
Linqing Huang, Shuting Cai, Mingqing Xiao and Xiaoming Xiong
Recently, to conquer most non-plain related chaos-based image cryptosystems’ security flaws that cannot resist the powerful chosen/knownn plain-text attacks or differential attacks efficiently for less plaintext sensitivity, many plain related chaos...
Hector Zenil, Narsis A. Kiani and Jesper Tegnér
We introduce a definition of algorithmic symmetry in the context of geometric and spatial complexity able to capture mathematical aspects of different objects using as a case study polyominoes and polyhedral graphs. We review, study and apply a method for...
This article focuses on several factors of complification, which worked during the evolution of our Universe. During the early stages of such evolution up to the Recombination Era, it was laws of quantum mechanics; during the Dark Ages it was gravitation;...
Leslie Glasser and H. Donald Brooke Jenkins
Karmele Lopez-de-Ipina, Jordi Solé-Casals, Marcos Faúndez-Zanuy, Pilar M. Calvo, Enric Sesa, Josep Roure, Unai Martinez-de-Lizarduy, Blanca Beitia, Elsa Fernández, Jon Iradi, Joseba Garcia-Melero and Alberto Bergareche
Among neural disorders related to movement, essential tremor has the highest prevalence; in fact, it is twenty times more common than Parkinson’s disease. The drawing of the Archimedes’ spiral is the gold standard test to distinguish between b...
Amina-Aicha Khennaoui, Adel Ouannas, Samir Bendoukha, Xiong Wang and Viet-Thanh Pham
In this paper, we propose a fractional map based on the integer-order unified map. The chaotic behavior of the proposed map is analyzed by means of bifurcations plots, and experimental bounds are placed on the parameters and fractional order. Different co...
Simona Decu, Stefan Haesen, Leopold Verstraelen and Gabriel-Eduard Vîlcu
In this paper, a novel method is proposed to design a free final time input signal, which is then used in the robust system identification process. The solution of the constrained optimal input design problem is based on the minimization of an extra state...
Romain Brasselet and Angelo Arleo
Categorization is a fundamental information processing phenomenon in the brain. It is critical for animals to compress an abundance of stimulations into groups to react quickly and efficiently. In addition to labels, categories possess an internal structu...
Kevin S. Brown, Paul D. Allopenna, William R. Hunt, Rachael Steiner, Elliot Saltzman, Ken McRae and James S. Magnuson
Human speech perception involves transforming a countinuous acoustic signal into discrete linguistically meaningful units (phonemes) while simultaneously causing a listener to activate words that are similar to the spoken utterance and to each other. The ...
Eesa Al Solami, Musheer Ahmad, Christos Volos, Mohammad Najam Doja and Mirza Mohd Sufyan Beg
In this paper, we present a novel method to construct cryptographically strong bijective substitution-boxes based on the complicated dynamics of a new hyperchaotic system. The new hyperchaotic system was found to have good characteristics when compared wi...
A novel generalized grey target decision method for mixed attributes based on Kullback-Leibler (K-L) distance is proposed. The proposed approach involves the following steps: first, all indices are converted into index binary connection number vectors; se...
Yuanyuan Li, Yanjing Sun, Xinhua Huang, Guanqiu Qi, Mingyao Zheng and Zhiqin Zhu
Multi-modality image fusion provides more comprehensive and sophisticated information in modern medical diagnosis, remote sensing, video surveillance, etc. Traditional multi-scale transform (MST) based image fusion solutions have difficulties in the selec...
Wenan Cai, Zhaojian Yang, Zhijian Wang and Yiliang Wang
Due to the weak entropy of the vibration signal in the strong noise environment, it is very difficult to extract compound fault features. EMD (Empirical Mode Decomposition), EEMD (Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition) and LMD (Local Mean Decomposition) a...
Jan Smrek and Kurt Kremer
Active matter consists of particles that dissipate energy, from their own sources, in the form of mechanical work on their surroundings. Recent interest in active-passive polymer mixtures has been driven by their relevance in phase separation of (e.g., tr...
Li He, Haifei Zhu, Tao Zhang, Honghong Yang and Yisheng Guan
Heonsoo Lee, Zirui Huang, Xiaolin Liu, UnCheol Lee and Anthony G. Hudetz
Theoretical consideration predicts that the alteration of local and shared information in the brain is a key element in the mechanism of anesthetic-induced unconsciousness. Ordinal pattern analysis, such as permutation entropy (PE) and symbolic mutual inf...
Tianchen Li, Bin Liu, Yong Liu, Wenmin Guo, Ao Fu, Liangsheng Li, Nie Yan and Qihong Fang
A novel metal matrix composite based on the NbMoCrTiAl high entropy alloy (HEA) was designed by the in-situ formation method. The microstructure, phase evolution, and compression mechanical properties at room temperature of the composite are investigated ...
Lukas Mairhofer, Sandra Eibenberger, Armin Shayeghi and Markus Arndt
Matter-wave near-field interference can imprint a nano-scale fringe pattern onto a molecular beam, which allows observing its shifts in the presence of even very small external forces. Here we demonstrate quantum interference of the pre-vitamin 7-dehydroc...
Edoardo Milotti, Sergio Bartalucci, Sergio Bertolucci, Massimiliano Bazzi, Mario Bragadireanu, Michael Cargnelli, Alberto Clozza, Catalina Curceanu, Luca De Paolis, Jean-Pierre Egger, Carlo Guaraldo, Mihail Iliescu, Matthias Laubenstein, Johann Marton, Marco Miliucci, Andreas Pichler, Dorel Pietreanu, Kristian Piscicchia, Alessandro Scordo, Hexi Shi, Diana Laura Sirghi, Florin Sirghi, Laura Sperandio, Oton Vázquez Doce, Eberhard Widmann and Johann Zmeskal
The VIolation of Pauli (VIP) experiment (and its upgraded version, VIP-2) uses the Ramberg and Snow (RS) method (Phys. Lett. B 1990, 238, 438) to search for violations of the Pauli exclusion principle in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. The RS metho...