30 articles in this issue
Jordi Martí, Carles Calero and Giancarlo Franzese
Water structure and dynamics are affected by the presence of a nearby interface. Here, first we review recent results by molecular dynamics simulations about the effect of different carbon-based materials, including armchair carbon nanotubes and a variety...
Karsten Keller, Teresa Mangold, Inga Stolz and Jenna Werner
Over recent years, some new variants of Permutation entropy have been introduced and applied to EEG analysis, including a conditional variant and variants using some additional metric information or being based on entropies that are different from the Sha...
Tadeusz Musialowicz, Antti Valtola, Mikko Hippeläinen, Jari Halonen and Pasi Lahtinen
Gen-Min Lin, Bagus Haryadi, Chieh-Ming Yang, Shiao-Chiang Chu, Cheng-Chan Yang and Hsien-Tsai Wu
Multiscale entropy (MSE) of physiological signals may reflect cardiovascular health in diabetes. The classic MSE (cMSE) algorithm requires more than 750 signals for the calculations. The modified short-time MSE (sMSE) may have inconsistent outcomes compar...
Hao Xu, Huafei Sun and Aung Naing Win
In this paper, firstly, manifoldPD(n)consisting of alln×nsymmetric positive-definite matrices is introduced based on matrix information geometry; Secondly, the geometrical structures of information submanifold ofPD(n)are presented including metric, geodes...
Carmina Coronel, Heinrich Garn, Markus Waser, Manfred Deistler, Thomas Benke, Peter Dal-Bianco, Gerhard Ransmayr, Stephan Seiler, Dieter Grossegger and Reinhold Schmidt
Analysis of nonlinear quantitative EEG (qEEG) markers describing complexity of signal in relation to severity of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) was the focal point of this study. In this study, 79 patients diagnosed with probable AD were recruited from the mult...
Samantha Simons and Daniel Abásolo
Alexandru Grigorovici, Elena Simona Bacaita, Viorel Puiu Paun, Constantin Grecea, Irina Butuc, Maricel Agop and Ovidiu Popa
In classical concepts, theoretical models are built assuming that the dynamics of the complex system’s stuctural units occur on continuous and differentiable motion variables. In reality, the dynamics of the natural complex systems are much more complicat...
José A. Tenreiro Machado and António Mendes Lopes
This paper analyses the citation profiles of researchers in fractional calculus. Different metrics are used to quantify the dissimilarities between the data, namely the Canberra distance, and the classical and the generalized (fractional) Jensen–Shannon d...
Alexander Kazachkov, Victor Multanen, Viktor Danchuk, Mark Frenkel and Edward Bormashenko
Friction forces acting on rotators may promote their alignment and therefore eliminate degrees of freedom in their movement. The alignment of rotators by friction force was shown by experiments performed with different spinners, demonstrating how friction...
Xiaoqin Shen, Yang Ming and Jie Feng
Generalized signcryption (GSC) can adaptively work as an encryption scheme, a signature scheme or a signcryption scheme with only one algorithm. It is more suitable for the storage constrained setting. In this paper, motivated by Paterson–Schuldt’s scheme...
Leonid M. Martyushev and Vladimir Celezneff
A variant of continuous nonequilibrium thermodynamic theory based on the postulate of the scale invariance of the local relation between generalized fluxes and forces is proposed here. This single postulate replaces the assumptions on local equilibrium an...
Munkhbayar Bat-Erdene, Taebeom Kim, Hyundo Park and Heejo Lee
Packing algorithms are broadly used to avoid anti-malware systems, and the proportion of packed malware has been growing rapidly. However, just a few studies have been conducted on detection various types of packing algorithms in a systemic way. Following...
Davide Girolami and Benjamin Yadin
The characterization of quantum coherence in the context of quantum information theory and its interplay with quantum correlations is currently subject of intense study. Coherence in a Hamiltonian eigenbasis yields asymmetry, the ability of a quantum syst...
Frank Nielsen, Ke Sun and Stéphane Marchand-Maillet
We describe a framework to build distances by measuring the tightness of inequalities and introduce the notion of proper statistical divergences and improper pseudo-divergences. We then consider the Hölder ordinary and reverse inequalities and present two...
Xianfeng Ma and Ercai Chen
We introduce the relative tail pressure to establish a variational principle for continuous bundle random dynamical systems. We also show that the relative tail pressure is conserved by the principal extension.
Juan Carlos Pacheco-Paez, Fernando Angulo-Brown and Marco Antonio Barranco-Jiménez
The so-called Novikov power plant model has been widely used to represent some actual power plants, such as nuclear electric power generators. In the present work, a thermo-economic study of a Novikov power plant model is presented under three different r...
Yongqiang Jia, Shengli Zhu and Lu Gan
Specific emitter identification (SEI) techniques are often used in civilian and military spectrum-management operations, and they are also applied to support the security and authentication of wireless communication. In this letter, a new SEI method based...
Marcel Aguilella-Arzo, María Queralt-Martín, María-Lidón Lopez and Antonio Alcaraz
Living systems display a variety of situations in which non-equilibrium fluctuations couple to certain protein functions yielding astonishing results. Here we study the bacterial channel OmpF under conditions similar to those met in vivo, where acidic res...
Leonid A. Sosnovskiy and Sergei S. Sherbakov
A brief analysis of entropy concepts in continuum mechanics and thermodynamics is presented. The methods of accounting for friction, wear and fatigue processes in the calculation of the thermodynamic entropy are described. It is shown that these and other...
Taeill Yoo, Ju-Sung Kang and Yongjin Yeom
Over the past decade, several security issues with Linux Random Number Generator (LRNG) on PCs and Androids have emerged. The main problem involves the process of entropy harvesting, particularly at boot time. An entropy source in the input pool of LRNG i...
Vyacheslav I. Yukalov and Didier Sornette
We demonstrate that behavioral probabilities of human decision makers share many common features with quantum probabilities. This does not imply that humans are some quantum objects, but just shows that the mathematics of quantum theory is applicable to t...
Yakir Aharonov, Eliahu Cohen and Tomer Landsberger
The two-state vector formalism motivates a time-symmetric interpretation of quantum mechanics that entails a resolution of the measurement problem. We revisit a post-selection-assisted collapse model previously suggested by us, claiming that unlike the th...
It is well known that, in the context of General Relativity, some spacetimes, when described by a congruence of comoving observers, may consist of a distribution of a perfect (non–dissipative) fluid, whereas the same spacetime as seen by a “tilted” (Loren...
Yu Ji, Hao-Chun Zhang, Xie Yang and Lei Shi
Stefano Coss, Elisa Guelpa, Etienne Letournel, Olivier Le-Corre and Vittorio Verda
Information from exergy cost analysis can be effectively used in the design and management of modern district heating networks (DHNs) since it allows to properly account for the irreversibilities in energy conversion and distribution. Nevertheless, this r...
Robert L. Fry
This paper proposes that intelligent processes can be completely explained by thermodynamic principles. They can equally be described by information-theoretic principles that, from the standpoint of the required optimizations, are functionally equivalent....
Ruth E. Kastner
Pablo M. Blanco, Mireia Via, Josep Lluís Garcés, Sergio Madurga and Francesc Mas
The high concentration of macromolecules (i.e., macromolecular crowding) in cellular environments leads to large quantitative effects on the dynamic and equilibrium biological properties. These effects have been experimentally studied using inert macromol...
James M. Kunert-Graf, Nikita A. Sakhanenko and David J. Galas