30 articles in this issue
Xiaoli Li and Chengwei Li
The noise of near-infrared spectra and spectral information redundancy can affect the accuracy of calibration and prediction models in near-infrared analytical technology. To address this problem, the improved Complete Ensemble Empirical Mode Decompositio...
Paolo Muratore-Ginanneschi and Kay Schwieger
We present a stylized model of controlled equilibration of a small system in a fluctuating environment. We derive the optimal control equations steering in finite-time the system between two equilibrium states. The corresponding thermodynamic transition i...
Jonathan Shimonovich, Anelia Somekh-Baruch and Shlomo Shamai (Shitz)
Elgiz Baskaya, Guven Komurgoz and Ibrahim Ozkol
Dispersion of super-paramagnetic nanoparticles in nonmagnetic carrier fluids, known as ferrofluids, offers the advantages of tunable thermo-physical properties and eliminate the need for moving parts to induce flow. This study investigates ferrofluid flow...
Jagdev Singh, Devendra Kumar, Maysaa Al Qurashi and Dumitru Baleanu
John R. Fanchi
Jüttner used the conventional theory of relativistic statistical mechanics to calculate the energy of a relativistic ideal gas in 1911. An alternative derivation of the energy of a relativistic ideal gas was published by Horwitz, Schieve and Piron in 1981...
Fuzzy multiple criteria decision-making (FMCDM) methods are techniques of finding the trade-off option out of all feasible alternatives that are characterized by multiple criteria and where data cannot be measured precisely, but can be represented, for in...
Cees Diks and Hao Fang
The information-theoretical concept transfer entropy is an ideal measure for detecting conditional independence, or Granger causality in a time series setting. The recent literature indeed witnesses an increased interest in applications of entropy-based t...
Xiong Luo, Jing Deng, Weiping Wang, Jenq-Haur Wang and Wenbing Zhao
Recently, inspired by correntropy, kernel risk-sensitive loss (KRSL) has emerged as a novel nonlinear similarity measure defined in kernel space, which achieves a better computing performance. After applying the KRSL to adaptive filtering, the correspondi...
Yuyu Yin, Yueshen Xu, Wenting Xu, Min Gao, Lifeng Yu and Yujie Pei
Mobile Service selection is an important but challenging problem in service and mobile computing. Quality of service (QoS) predication is a critical step in service selection in 5G network environments. The traditional methods, such as collaborative filte...
Tyll Krueger, Janusz Szwabinski and Tomasz Weron
Shujun Liu, Ting Yang and Hongqing Liu
This paper aims to find a suitable decision rule for a binary composite hypothesis-testing problem with a partial or coarse prior distribution. To alleviate the negative impact of the information uncertainty, a constraint is considered that the maximum co...
Finite Time Thermodynamics is generally associated with the Curzon–Ahlborn approach to the Carnot cycle. Recently, previous publications on the subject were discovered, which prove that the history of Finite Time Thermodynamics started more than sixty yea...
Wei Zhang and Christof Schütte
Many interesting rare events in molecular systems, like ligand association, protein folding or conformational changes, occur on timescales that often are not accessible by direct numerical simulation. Therefore, rare event approximation approaches like in...
Seyyed Mohammadreza Azimi, Osvaldo Simeone and Ravi Tandon
The storage of frequently requested multimedia content at small-cell base stations (BSs) can reduce the load of macro-BSs without relying on high-speed backhaul links. In this work, the optimal operation of a system consisting of a cache-aided small-cell ...
Weiqiang Yang, Lixin Xu, Hang Li, Yabo Wu and Jianbo Lu
The coupling between dark energy and dark matter provides a possible approach to mitigate the coincidence problem of the cosmological standard model. In this paper, we assumed the interacting term was related to the Hubble parameter, energy density of dar...
Silas L. Fong and Vincent Y. F. Tan
Andrey Garnaev and Wade Trappe
Sharing of radio spectrum between different types of wireless systems (e.g., different service providers) is the foundation for making more efficient usage of spectrum. Cognitive radio technologies have spurred the design of spectrum servers that coordina...
Jaber Kakar and Aydin Sezgin
Recent advances in the characterization of fundamental limits on interference management in wireless networks and the discovery of new communication schemes on how to handle interference led to a better understanding towards the capacity of such networks....
Artemy Kolchinsky and Brendan D. Tracey
Mixture distributions arise in many parametric and non-parametric settings—for example, in Gaussian mixture models and in non-parametric estimation. It is often necessary to compute the entropy of a mixture, but, in most cases, this quantity has no closed...
Khaled Almgren, Minkyu Kim and Jeongkyu Lee
Omar Alejandro Olvera-Guerrero, Alfonso Prieto-Guerrero and Gilberto Espinosa-Paredes
There are currently around 78 nuclear power plants (NPPs) in the world based on Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). The current parameter to assess BWR instability issues is the linear Decay Ratio (DR). However, it is well known that BWRs are complex non-linea...
Clémentine Hauret, Pierre Magain and Judith Biernaux
Time is a parameter playing a central role in our most fundamental modelling of natural laws. Relativity theory shows that the comparison of times measured by different clocks depends on their relative motion and on the strength of the gravitational field...
Andrea Puglisi and Umberto Marini Bettolo Marconi
Many kinds of active particles, such as bacteria or active colloids, move in a thermostatted fluid by means of self-propulsion. Energy injected by such a non-equilibrium force is eventually dissipated as heat in the thermostat. Since thermal fluctuations ...
We review the use of binary hypothesis testing for the derivation of the sphere packing bound in channel coding, pointing out a key difference between the classical and the classical-quantum setting. In the first case, two ways of using the binary hypothe...
Zifei Lin, Wei Xu, Jiaorui Li, Wantao Jia and Shuang Li
Time delay of economic policy and memory property in a real economy system is omnipresent and inevitable. In this paper, a business cycle model with fractional-order time delay which describes the delay and memory property of economic control is investiga...
Mohammed Almakki, Sharadia Dey, Sabyasachi Mondal and Precious Sibanda
The entropy generation in unsteady three-dimensional axisymmetric magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) nanofluid flow over a non-linearly stretching sheet is investigated. The flow is subject to thermal radiation and a chemical reaction. The conservation equations ...
Lucas Kocia, Yifei Huang and Peter Love
Baogui Xin, Li Liu, Guisheng Hou and Yuan Ma
By using a linear feedback control technique, we propose a chaos synchronization scheme for nonlinear fractional discrete dynamical systems. Then, we construct a novel 1-D fractional discrete income change system and a kind of novel 3-D fractional discret...